Wait, is that modifier dangling or misplaced?
Grammar is a kind of issues we’ve been taught one million occasions, however we nonetheless mess up each now and then–there are simply so many guidelines. And since we’re in all probability going to maintain mixing up “who” and “whom,” we got here up with this little cheat sheet of a number of the commonest mistakes–and the way to keep away from them.
When part of a sentence is important to its which means, it doesn’t should be set aside by commas.
Incorrect: The girl, who teaches my spin class, is blonde.
Proper: The girl who teaches my spin class is blonde.
2. Possessive Apostrophes
Possessives present possession. If a phrase is just plural, it doesn’t want an apostrophe.
Incorrect: We drove for 4 hours’ to get to the seashore.
Proper: We drove for 4 hours to get to the seashore.
three. Misplaced Modifiers
A modifier ought to go subsequent to the phrase it’s modifying. If it’s anyplace else within the sentence, it could actually confuse the which means.
Incorrect: I sipped an iced espresso sporting crimson lipstick.
Proper: Carrying crimson lipstick, I sipped an iced espresso.
four. Dangling Modifiers
In contrast to misplaced modifiers, dangling modifiers occur when the topic the modifier describes isn’t explicitly talked about within the sentence.
Incorrect: After studying the guide a second time, it’s nonetheless complicated.
Proper: After studying the guide a second time, I nonetheless discover the plot complicated.
5. Fewer Versus Much less
Use fewer while you’re speaking about countable objects and fewer while you’re speaking about basic or intangible ideas.
Incorrect: I ate much less sweets right this moment, which is a win in my guide.
Proper: I ate fewer sweets right this moment, which is a win in my guide.
6. Break up Infinitives
An infinitive is a verb preceded by “to.” A cut up infinitive is when a phrase or a number of phrases come between the “to” and the verb.
Incorrect: My boss requested to shortly meet concerning the presentation.
Proper: My boss requested to fulfill shortly concerning the presentation.
7. Topic/Verb Disagreement
The topic of a sentence should agree with the verb in quantity and particular person. If the topic is plural, the verb have to be plural as nicely, and vice versa.
Incorrect: The group of scholars are studying to talk Italian.
Proper: The group of scholars is studying to talk Italian.
eight. Who Versus Whom
Who’s a subjective pronoun whereas whom is an goal pronoun. You possibly can substitute “who” with the subjective pronouns “he” or “she” and “whom” with the target pronouns “him” or “her” to assist determine which is the only option to your sentence.
Incorrect: Who ought to I vote for within the election?
Proper: Whom ought to I vote for within the election?