The Swiss public has rejected a hasty exit from dependence on nuclear power, voting ‘no’ on a proposal in a nationwide referendum to close down the nation’s 5 nuclear reactors by 2030.
Following the Fukushima nuclear catastrophe in March 2011, the Swiss authorities determined in Might of that yr to desert plans to construct new nuclear energy vegetation and reactors. In its 2050 Vitality Technique, the Federal Council proposed a gradual withdrawal from the nuclear power program.
Underneath Switzerland’s direct democracy system, proposals want help from each a majority of the nation’s cantons and of the nationwide vote to cross. Nevertheless, the favored initiative “For an orderly withdrawal from the nuclear power program,” backed by the Inexperienced Social gathering, did not get sufficient votes throughout Sunday’s referendum.
Almost 55 p.c of voters rejected the initiative, with 45 p.c favoring the proposed measures, which aimed to ban the development of latest nuclear energy stations. It additionally demanded a restrict be positioned on the operational lives of current nuclear energy stations.
Solely six of the nation’s 26 cantons, primarily in French-speaking Switzerland, got here out in favor of the phase-out, in accordance to Swiss Data.
“We might have favored to win, that’s clear, however 45 p.c for ‘sure’ is an effective consequence,” Regula Rytz, Inexperienced Social gathering chairwoman, advised SRF tv.
“The issues haven’t been resolved with this referendum Sunday,” Rytz stated. “We are going to hold at it on security, on monetary safety… and on increasing renewable energies.”
If the initiative had been accredited, nuclear energy stations Mühleberg and Beznau 1 and a pair of would have been closed in 2017, Gösgen in 2024, and Leibstadt in 2029.
Switzerland has 5 nuclear energy stations, which produce round 35 p.c of Switzerland’s electrical energy. Presently, all of those stations have open-ended working licenses, permitting them to proceed working for so long as they’re deemed secure.
Every year, the Swiss Federal Nuclear Security Inspectorate (ENSI) measures the radioactivity of liquid waste popping out of Switzerland’s nuclear reactors. A nuclear web site emitting lower than a gigabecquerel over the course of a yr meets ENSI’s goal.
Forward of the vote, the Swiss authorities and business opposed the initiative to rapidly shut Switzerland’s nuclear energy stations. Fearing discount in electrical energy output couldn’t be compensated for by renewable sources, many believed that the nation could be compelled to import a considerable amount of electrical energy.
Economiesuisse, a gaggle representing Swiss enterprise, stated the referendum sends a transparent sign for “a safe electrical energy provide and robust home power manufacturing.”
“From a enterprise viewpoint, it was clear hasty exit from nuclear power would solely have introduced disadvantages for Switzerland,” the group added.